|Title: Eugène-Louis Doyen
Original Pochoir (Hand
coloured) lithograph from "Celebrites Contemporaines
et la Benedictine", by Sem.
Printed by Devambez, Paris ca.1900.
Signed in the plate lower left.
French Text by Eugène-Louis Doyen at bottom reads, "My dear
Lev, Benedictine is an exquisite liquor and your album will make
it more appreciated. Doyen"
Presented in 16 x 20 in. acid free, archival museum mat, with framing
labels. Ready to frame. Shipped boxed flat via Fedex.
Certificate of Authenticity.
See our Terms of Sale
| Sheet Size:
||6 1/4 in x 9 1/2in
||16 cm x 24.5 cm
|Price: $175.00 USD
Eugène-Louis Doyen (French 1859-1916) was internationally famous
during his lifetime, as well as after his death: Boulgakov mentioned
him in one of his novels, and in the 1940s, his name still appeared
in an English book listing the 100 leading medical and surgical figures
in the world. Yet . Doyen has been almost completely forgotten in
France, where he is only vaguely remembered as a virtuoso surgeon
and the namesake of a clamp used to hold back tissue in the surgical
field. His meteoric and solitary journey, during which he opposed
the academic institutions, could explain why very few people know
of his important and versatile work. That work resulted on the one
hand in widely used devices and techniques, even though their inventor
has been forgotten (“Doyen’s bed” is the precursor of all modern operating
tables ; Doyen was also the first to use blood aspiration in the surgical
field) and on the other hand in research which was interrupted when
he died and was in many cases only resumed decades later. (www.bium.univ-paris5.fr))
"I would like . . . to group in a series of albums all the
celebrities of the day, only the most illustrious and famous names.
But to bring together so many important people, so occupied and not
easily mobilized, I feared that my modest talent was not a sufficient
enough attraction . . . So, to convince them, I had the idea to offer
to them a glass of famous Benedictine . . . And, indeed, all answered
my invitation with a unified eagerness as if I was flattering them."
"So begins the introduction to Sem's eight-lithograph collection
of celebrities praising the virtues of the liqueur, including famed
aviator, Santos-Dumont, composer Massenet and actor Albert Brasseur.
The career of caricaturist Sem started modestly enough in his home
town of Perigueux where he published his first collection of local
celebrities' portraits in 1895. Only after doing the same for Bordeaux
in 1897 and Marseilles in 1898 did he venture to Paris where he charmed
the city folk with his talent. Hardly anyone of note escaped being
captured for posterity." (Rennert,
"In 1863, Alexandre Le Grand, a distant relation of the Fécamp
notable, came across the book of spells by chance and discovered the
secret recipe. Straight away, he decided to decipher it in order to
re-create this mysterious liqueur. His tenacity enabled him eventually
to do so. He modernised the recipe and called it "Benedictine". The
liqueur soon became extremely popular: by 1873, production had reached
almost 150,000 bottles a year. In light of this success, Alexandre
Le Grand decided to set up the Benedictine SA company in June 1876,
with capital of 2,200,000 francs. In 1882, Alexandre Le Grand decided
to have a unique building built in Fécamp to house the distillery:
a Palace-Museum. It is here, in this extraordinary place, that the
famous liqueur is still made today." (Benedictine.fr)
Pochoir, French for stencil, defines a technique of print making
popular in France in the early 1900s. It is a labor intensive process
of applying brilliant color by hand using a series of cutout stencils.
Each plate is an original print using up to thirty stencils in one
image. All are hand colored and most are signed in the plate by the